When teaching children about shapes, they need to do various activities to learn the differences between the shapes. Some students may need much repetition, and some may learn them quickly. Adjust the activities according to the student. Here are some activities:
- Compare the shapes to objects: “A circle is round like a ball.” “A square is like a window (square shaped).” “A rectangle is like a door.” “A triangle is shaped like pizza or an ice cream cone.”
- Have actual shapes for the student to feel. For teaching about a circle, you could use lids, tops to bottles, a ball, a plastic cup (the top and bottom), and any objects you see that have a circle in them. In the picture below, you will even see a round, Spider-Man wipe-off board. For teaching about a square, you could use a square box, a square book, a square cake pan, etc. Count the four sides on all the squares. For teaching about a rectangle, you could use a rectangular shaped box or book, an oblong cake pan, a Kleenex box, a notebook, etc. Count the four sides on all the rectangles, two longs sides and two short sides. For teaching about a triangle, you could use an ice cream cone, a piece of pizza (or a picture of one slice of pizza), a party hat, etc. Count the three sides on all the triangles.
- Use simple workbooks like the ones pictured above that have stickers and/or activities. Count the sides on the squares, rectangles, and triangles when working with them.
- Having students trace the shapes is an excellent activity.
- Have students cut out the shapes. You can draw large shapes for the students to cut out first and then later progress to smaller and smaller shapes.